Tag Archives: Japan

#WeekendDish: Okinawan shoyu pork


I posted a photo on Instagram of Okinawan shoyu pork I had made in my crock pot.

A friend of mine (rightfully) commented, “What makes it Okinawan?”

That’s a good question, one I couldn’t answer. I have no idea.

All I know is the dish — called rafute (pronounced ra-foo-teh-) — is part of the food landscape in Okinawa. It’s made with pork belly, stewed or braised in shoyu and brown sugar. It’s supposed to help with longevity. (Okinawans are believed to have the highest life expectancy in the world.)

The only connection I see between this dish and Okinawa is the pork, a mainstay in the country’s diet. Interestingly enough, up until the 19th century and the introduction of pork and goat to the island, people here used to avoid eating meat. Now, pork is so much a part of Okinawan cuisine, it’s often said that “Okinawan cooking begins with the pig and ends with the pig.”

When the Okinawans immigrated to Hawai‘i more than a century ago, they must have brought along this dish, too.

As easy as this dish is to make, I’ve never actually tried to cook it, mostly because I’m not fond of chopping up large chunks of meat. (I’m a lazy cook, what can I say.) But I wanted to whip up something for Super Bowl Sunday that was quick, easy and would go great with a bowl of white rice.

Okinawan shoyu pork it was!


There are tons of recipes online, most with the same key ingredients. Some recipes called for miso, others required garlic, still others used sake over mirin. (I used both.)

Most cooks also recommended trimming the fat from the pork butt before cooking it. I decided to leave the fat on, figuring it would only make the dish that much tastier. (And I was right.)

I also used a crock pot instead of a pressure cooker — too high-maintenance — or on a stovetop. I like the idea of combining all of the ingredients, dumping them into a slow cooker, and going on about my day without having to tend to it.

It’s one of those crowd-pleaser dishes. You really can’t go wrong.


Here’s the recipe:

Okinawan Shoyu Pork
In a crock pot or slow cooker


3-5 pounds of pork butt, chopped into 2- to 3-inch pieces
1 c. shoyu
1 c. brown sugar
1-2 c. water
1/2 c. mirin (sweet rice wine)
1/4 c. cooking sake
4-6 cloves of garlic, minced
1-2 T. ginger, minced or grated
Salt and pepper to taste


In a small bowl combine the shoyu, mirin, sake, garlic, ginger, brown sugar and water. Stir until the sugar is dissolved and set aside.

Butcher down your pork into pieces and place them into the crock pot. Pour the sauce over them. Set the slow cooker on low, cooking for about six to seven hours. (The pork will turn a very dark brown, but the pieces should be fork tender.)

Serve over rice.

Comments { 7 }

#CatTravels: My travel advice


In three weeks I travelled more than 25,000 miles, from Honolulu to London to Amsterdam to Paris to Japan — and back again.

And while I don’t consider myself a world traveler, I have packed a few bags in my lifetime to come away with some tips and shortcuts that I’ve found useful.

And you might, too.

So here are a few tips I’ve come up with that will help any kind of traveler, whether heading to a weeklong conference for work or booking a vacay with your entire family.

IMG_08441. It’s all about the shoes. This is always the most difficult part of packing for me. What shoes do I take? How many? What will I be doing on the trip? I hate dressing like an American tourist — athletic shoes, jeans and a fanny pack — and bringing appropriate shoes is key. I pack shoes that are versatile, comfortable and easy to pack. And since shoes take up a lot of room in a suitcase, I decided to skip the heels and bought very dressy sandals that can be flattened down to fit neatly into a small space.

2. Dress for TSA. I don’t understand why people insist on wearing every piece of metal they own to the airport. Don’t you know you’ll have to take off your belt, that scarf, those sweaters and everything in your pockets before getting through the TSA checkpoint? You will be on a plane for at least five hours. Why dress your absolute best? Wear pants with an elastic waistband. Skip the jewelry. You’ll get through security so much faster.

3. Pick a color, any color. When I pack, I decide to wear either black or brown — not both. That means everything I pack will match, so I can mix pieces much more easily. That includes shoes. The less you have to pack, the more room in your suitcase for the stuff you buy!

4. Research money exchange options. Most people get their money exchanged prior to departure. I don’t. The only difference is Japan since exchanging money there can require an act of Congress. (Trust me. You’ll have to go to a bank to get your American dollars changed into yen. The rate is terrible and you’ll have to fill out paperwork and wait for at least half an hour.) I usually exchange my dollars at the airport. But there are countries such as the Netherlands and the United Kingdom where you often get a better rate taking money out of your account from an ATM. Even in Taipei City, we just got our dollars exchanged at the airport. So easy.

5. Make a master packing list. If you travel as often as I do, you should always keep a packing list handy. I have one that just has the absolute must-haves that you can’t — or don’t want to — buy on the road such as rechargers (for my phone, cameras, computer, Kindle), medication I need, and my passport. Everything else — toothbrush, body lotion, deodorant — you can buy.

6. Buy this. If you are wearing fairly new shoes on your trip — or expect to do a lot of walking in shoes you don’t usually walk in — you need this product. It’s called Band-Aid Friction Block Stick. I rub it all over my feet before I put on my shoes — it’s not greasy; in fact, you can’t even feel it — and, honestly, I haven’t gotten any blisters despite the miles and miles I tend to walk while on vacation. Even with brand-new shoes. I swear by this.

7. Have a plan, sort of. I’m not one of those highly detailed, color-code-the-file-folders kind of traveler. But I always have a plan, even if it’s just in outline form. The last thing you want to do is spend all this money, travel for hours to get to a foreign destination, and have nothing to do. You should have a basic idea of what you want to do — or, in my case, eat — for every day on your trip. It doesn’t have to be down to the minute, but you should have a general idea of where you’re going. That will help with packing, too.

8. Buy tickets online. I’m not talking about airplane tickets, either. If you are planning to hit a Broadway show or walk through the Palace of Versaille, do a little research and see if you can book tickets online. That will save you a long wait in line. But only do this for the must-see/must-do items on your list.

9. Make an omiyage list. If you’re like me, you tend to overshop for gifts to bring back home (omiyage). So I make a list of who I need to buy gifts for and get a few extras just in case. And do your omiyage shopping as late on the trip as possible. (I actually don’t listen to my own advice, but I always wish I did.) Airports, especially in Japan, are chock full of the best omiyage. This is a great place to get last-minute gifts, too. But get your gifts toward the end of your trip. That way you’re not lugging around bags of Pretz and Kit Kat bars.

10. For U.S. travel, bring packing tape. One of the best things I’ve ever done is ship back things I bought while in Seattle in a flat-rate box at the post office. It was early in my trip — I was heading to Portland after — and I didn’t want to lug around the extra stuff. So I went to a post office, packed my goods in a flat-rate box, taped it up and dropped it off at one of the kiosks. I didn’t even have to wait in line.

11. For Japan travel, get a mobile WiFi device. I’ve used Rentafone Japan twice already and both times I’ve had great customer service. The fee is reasonable — about $60 USD for a week — and the device is mailed to your hotel with a self-addressed stamped envelope for you to just drop in the post when you’re done. The company also rents mobile phones, if you need one, but I just used the mobile Internet. (There aren’t a lot of places that have free WiFi in Japan, even in hotels.)

12. Eat like a local. This may be difficult if you don’t know anyone living in the country you’re visiting. But you can do some research ahead of time to find out where the best places are to eat. And I don’t mean tourist-y places, either. Look for food bloggers who live in the cities you’re visiting; these folks usually have a finger on the food pulse in their area. Or talk to the hotel concierge or taxi drivers for tips. They often have great advice on where to eat. Why go all the way to Paris and eat at McDonald’s? Try the local cuisine, eat outside your box.

13. Write it down. How many times have you taken a photo and, when you get back home, you look at it and can’t remember what the heck it was? Write things down. I know you say to yourself, “Oh, I’ll remember.” Trust me, you won’t. I carry around a small notebook — though you can use your phone for this, too — and write down things I need to remember. Names of restaurants or dishes I’ve eaten, location of places, directions and addresses. They come in handy later.

14. Know a few words. Don’t quit your job to study a new language full-time. But be familiar with a few key words in the language of whatever country you’re visiting. Know how to say “yes” and “no,” know what the word is for “bathroom” or “taxi.” Knowing “left” and “right” is also helpful. It’s not just good to show the locals you’re trying, but knowing some simple vocabulary can be useful, too.

15. Get a good purse. (Men, too.) In foreign countries, men using “purses” — actually, small satchels — is incredibly common, so don’t feel weird about donning a man-purse on your trip. The more you can carry on your person rather than in your easy-to-acccess pocket, the better. The best bags are cross-body ones because they take the pressure off a single shoulder and allow your hands to be free. Get one that fits things like your wallet, camera, snacks (important for me), phone, map — whatever you think you’ll need.

IMG_061116. Pick the right people to travel with. There’s nothing worse than traveling with people who don’t have the same interest or temperament as you. Meaning, she can be a great friend, but if she’s not into visiting museums and you are, one of you will have to compromise what you want to do to please the other. Travel with people who travel like you. If you like to sit in a casino for 18 straight hours, find people who don’t mind doing that. If you like to hike or go whitewater rafting, find folks who would be game, too. Your travel partners can make or break your trip.

17. Have an open mind. Different countries, different cities — the key word is that they’re “different.” Keep an open mind. People do things differently. They eat differently, they talk differently, they dress differently. Don’t judge, just learn. That’s what traveling is all about.

Comments { 27 }

#CatTravels: Farewell, Fukuoka

Heading out

Picture 1 of 28

On our last day in Fukuoka — our flight was at 9 p.m. that night — we decided to check out a few places we had missed before we went to Beppu City. So we hopped on the convenient public transportation to Nishijin Market.


It was hard to believe seven days in Fukuoka had come to an end.

I felt like I just got here!

But alas, our adventure in Japan — from the yatai in Fukuoka to the onsens in Kannawa — was coming to an end.

Our flight back home aboard Hawaiian Airlines wasn’t leaving Fukuoka until 9 p.m., so that left us with an entire day to holo holo around before heading to the airport.

And there was still so much to do!

We hadn’t walked around the eastern part of Fukuoka and visited the Nishijin Market or Fukuoka Tower. We didn’t check out the fish market or the yatai in Nagahama. And we probably weren’t going to get to all of that, either.

But at least we could try!

Thanks to everyone who followed my #CatTravels adventures on Twitter @thedailydish and Instagram @catherinetoth. Hope you enjoyed it!

Comments { 9 }

#CatTravels: Last day in Beppu City

Last morning

Picture 1 of 28

I spent our last morning in Beppu City watching the sun rise in the outdoor onsen at the hotel. I have to say, I was sad to see this part of the trip end.


The best decision I made on this jaunt to Japan was booking this side trip to Beppu City.

I really didn’t know what to expect. And I will say, the city with an overabundance of hot springs and friendly smiles surprised me.

I loved that folks smiled and said, “Ohayou gozaimasu”(おはようございます)to me as I walked by. I loved that whenever we asked for directions, people literally walked us to our destination. They were just as warm as the hot springs flowing under the city — and that was the appeal.

So we had one more day in Beppu City — and still lots to see and do. Then we were heading back to Fukuoka for our final dinner in the city.

Big plans, big day. Good thing I was well rested!

Follow my #CatTravels adventures in Europe and Japan on Twitter @thedailydish and Instagram @catherinetoth.

Comments { 1 }

#CatTravels: Buried in Beppu and a fish pedicure in Yufuin

Hotel New Matsumi

Picture 1 of 53

Here's what our hotel room looked like. I booked a Japanese-style room — which meant sleeping on futon on hard tatami floors — with our very own onsen bath and a view of Beppu Bay.


It was an unusual second day in Beppu.

I confess, I didn’t know much about the city or what it had to offer. I browsed the Internet and asked a couple of my Japanese friends about what to do and where to go — and I just had no idea.

I saw that there was a sand onsen — sounded nice! — near our hotel and decided that was a start. But I had no idea you would get buried in hot black sand for 15 minutes, listening to the lapping ocean at our feet and sweating profusely.

And I had heard about this town called Yufuin, about an hour from Beppu City, which had lots of ryokan, cafes, boutiques and onsens to visit. But that’s all I knew.

So I decided to just wing it.

We’d walk to the sand onsen, then head to Beppu Ropeway to see the city — which was halfway to Yufuin — then catch the bus to the small resort town at the base of Mount Yufu and figure it out as we went.

And like many spontaneous things you do while on vacation in a new city, the fun was in the surprises we found at every turn.

Follow my #CatTravels adventures in Europe and Japan on Twitter @thedailydish and Instagram @catherinetoth.

Comments { 7 }